"Los Angeles Streetcars" The "Pacific Electric Railway" (PE) – often known as the "Red Car System" – once formed the largest electric interurban network in America. In the greater Los Angeles area, the PE operated a system of electric rail lines that was over 1,600 kilometers / 1,000 miles. At its peak, it linked the center of Los Angeles with Pasadena, Alhambra, El Monte, Glendora, Pomona, and Monrovia in the north, with San Bernardino, Riverside, and Redlands in the east, with Hollywood, Burbank/Glendale, the San Fernando Valley, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Manhattan Beach / Hermosa Beach in the west, and with Long Beach, Newport Beach, Huntington Beach, San Pedro, and Redondo Beach in the south. The origins of the "Red Car Systems" date back to 1895, when the first electric interurban from Los Angeles to Pasadena was opened. In 1901, railroad and real estate magnate Henry E. Huntington came upon the scene, founded the Pacific Electric Railway, took over the earlier lines, and quickly expanded the network. An ulterior motive in this was a good connection between his real estate properties on the periphery and the urban center. A "railroad war" began at almost the same time with the Southern Pacific Railroad (SP), which wanted to avoid parallel lines. As early as 1914, the center of Los Angeles saw more than 1,600 arriving and departing PE trains daily from all points of the compass. The system reached its peak in the mid-Twenties, and then began a slow decline, interrupted only by the traffic boom in World War II. In the postwar years, there were changes to bus operations in one fell swoop and in 1961 the last line to Long Beach ceased operations. Just thirty years later Los Angeles saw the renewal of the Long Beach line with an urban light rail line known as the "Blue Line". The new underground "Red Line" to North Hollywood was the rebirth of PE lines going west and since then there have been other new light rail lines on former PE right-of-way. The largest collection of more than 35 PE cars that is well worth seeing harkens back to the former PE at the "Orange Empire Railway Museum" in Perris, California, among them such famous units as the classic "Hollywood Cars" from the Twenties and the "Blimps", which ran right up to the end. In San Pedro, there is also a tourist line in the form of the "Port of Los Angeles Waterfront Red Car Line" on former PE right-of-way. The two PE replica powered cars 500 and 501 as well as the original PE 1058 run here.